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Pacheco, Carlos (1839-1891)

    Born in Chihuahua, Chihuahua on October 16, 1839, Pacheco was a merchant, an army general, and a cabinet officer in his life. He was a businessman until 1855. In January, 1858, he was imprisoned on suspicion of being part of the Félix Zuloaga rebellion. Once his innocence was established, he joined the Liberal army commanded by General Esteban Coronado. By 1866, he had risen to the rank of captain. He came part of the Army of the East commanded by General Porfirio Díaz and took part in the Battle of Puebla  on April 2, 1867. He lost an arm and a leg. His valor earned him a promotion to Lieutenant Colonel. When Díaz  revolted against President Sebastián Lerdo de Tejada in 1876, Pacheco joined him. He now began his civilian political career.
    His close ties to Díaz  offered him a life in politics. He became a  federal deputy, governor of the state of Morelos, governor of the state of Puebla, governor of the Federal District, state, and, in November, 1879, Secretary of War and Navy. He created naval schools in Mazatlán  and Campeche.
    During the presidency of Manuel González (1884-88), Díaz' childhood friend, Pacheco was Secretary of Development, Industry, Colonization, and Commerce. He worked to foster economic development and made the concessions for the building of most of the trunk railroad lines in the country.  Before he died on September 15, 1891, Mexico had 8,000 kilometers of railroad track and 50,000 kilometers of telegraph wire; this was Pecheco's greatest achievement.

Based on Juan López de Escalera, Diccionario Biográfico y de Historia de México. México, Editorial del Magisterio, 1964. pp. 815.

 Don Mabry